May 27, 2016

16 Predictions of quantized inertia where experiments could validate the predictions and the theory

Dr. Mike McCulloch, Lecturer in Geomatics, had created a model for inertia called: Modified inertia by a Hubble-scale Casimir effect (MiHsC) or quantized inertia. Nextbigfuture covered it a few months ago. Mike uses it to explain the controversial emDrive.

The idea of inertia is that in a vacuum, where there is no friction, objects move along in a straight line at constant speed until you push on them.

MiHsC predicts a lot that has been seen already. MiHsC predicts 'specific' new effects that can be looked for more effectively. Some predictions have not had calculations to predict exactly would would be seen so they are more like ideas for experiments rather than rigorous predictions.

Progess in Physics - Can the Emdrive Be Explained by Quantised Inertia?

Progress in Physics - Energy from Swastika-Shaped Rotors

The Frontiers of Physics - Testing quantised inertia on the emdrive

Predictions of quantized inertia:

1. In MiHsC inertial mass is enhanced when the peak wavelength of the Unruh spectrum (determined by acceleration) fits exactly within the Hubble scale. So for any accelerating/spinning object: solar system or galaxy, there should be some acceleration or radii with higher inertial mass because the Unruh waves fit exactly (resonate) and some with lower. This should give rise to subtle concentric patterns in these systems. For example, for Pioneer it would lead to tiny variations in the Pioneer anomaly.

2. In MiHsC as acceleration decreases the inertial mass drops towards zero (explains galaxy rotation without dark matter) so for any system ejecting mass into deep space at some point the inertial mass should dissapear and the gravity pulling it back should dominate. These systems should then have rings around them at the radius where accelerations are ~7x10^-10 m/s^2.

3. More generally, there should not exist any mutual acceleration below about 7x10^-10 m/s^2 today, and further back in time this minimum acceleration, a_min=2c^2/(Hubble scale), was higher, since the Hubble scale was smaller, so ancient (high redshift) galaxies should have greater spin for less visible mass.

4. The opposite case, for objects coming from deep space into the Solar system, or into galaxies, their acceleration is increasing so they should gain inertial mass by MiHsC and slow down anomalously, just like an inverted Pioneer anomaly, and of the same size (it will appear as though there's unseen mass at the outer edge of the system).

5. Along a spin axis the mutual acceleration with surrounding matter is zero so inertial mass should collapse for nearby objects there and produce unusual dynamics. For Earth this predicts the flyby anomaly, but it is hugely magnified for slow spinning system, eg: galaxies, and should result in axial jets (galactic jets?).

Spacex has third successful droneship rocket landing

SpaceX on Friday landed its third consecutive rocket on a ship in the Atlantic Ocean, during a mission that successfully launched a commercial communications satellite to orbit.

“Falcon 9 has landed,” a member of SpaceX’s launch team confirmed about 10 minutes after a 230-foot Falcon 9 rocket's 5:39 p.m. blastoff from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.

SpaceX says it hopes to re-fly a rocket for the first time later this year, using the stage landed in April during an ISS resupply mission.

Whatever their condition, each recovered booster gives engineers a chance to learn more about how systems fared during flight, potentially leading to design improvements.

SpaceX plans to launch another commercial satellite mission before its next ISS supply run, which is scheduled for no earlier than July 16. That mission will be the next attempting to return a Falcon 9's first stage to land.

Crush core is aluminum honeycomb for energy absorption in the telescoping actuator. Easy to replace (if Falcon makes it back to port).

Doctors say Postpone or move Olympics due to Zika

The summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro should be postponed or moved "in the name of public health" due to the widening Zika outbreak in Brazil, more than 100 prominent doctors and professors said Friday in an open letter to the World Health Organization.

"We make this call despite the widespread fatalism that the Rio 2016 Games are inevitable or 'too big to fail,' " the writers said in the letter addressed to WHO Director-General Margaret Chan. "Our greater concern is for global health. The Brazilian strain of Zika virus harms health in ways that science has not observed before

Dr. Ford Vox, a CNN contributor and physician who works in brain injury medicine with the Shepherd Center in Atlanta, said he signed the letter because he believes a delay or postponement is necessary.

"In my opinion, non-essential travel to Zika endemic areas should be deferred until the situation improves, and the Olympics are not essential," he said.

World Cities face growth and other challenges, 2026 about two thirds of GDP from cities up from half now

By 2026, about two-thirds of the world's gross domestic product will be generated by cities, up from about half now.

Most of that growth will come from the emerging world, especially China and India, meaning the stakes to get growth and development right are increasing rapidly.
The challenges range from ensuring clean streets to confronting the impact of climate change. In Rio de Janeiro, the military roams the streets to crack down on crime; in Lagos, policy makers who have often left residents to their own devices now have to introduce governance without wrecking structures developed over the years.

It is a common misperception that megacities have been driving global growth for the past 15 years. In fact, most have not grown faster than their host economies, and MGI expects this trend to continue. Today's 23 megacities—with populations of 10 million or more—will contribute about 10 percent of global growth to 2025, below their 14 percent share of global GDP.

In contrast, 577 middleweights—cities with populations of between 150,000 and 10 million, are seen contributing more than half of global growth to 2025, gaining share from today's megacities. By 2025, 13 middleweights are likely to be have become megacities, 12 of which are in emerging-markets (the exception is Chicago) and seven in China alone.

Emerging-market mega—and middleweight cities together—423 of them are included in the City 600—are likely to contribute more than 45 percent of global growth from 2007 to 2025.

Indonesian Megacity Jakarta sees rising sea level challenge

By 2023, 80 percent of nothern Jakarta (population 10.4 million) will lie below sea level—up from 40 percent now. In 50 years, current streets could be at least 10 feet below it.

So this former Dutch trading post is embarking on one of history’s biggest seawall projects. In three phases over three decades, it aims to build an exterior wall off the coast that would be 25 miles (40 kilometers) long and 80 feet high, a third of which would sit above sea level.

Russian Terminator-3 BMPT is an Armata based tank with missiles instead of a main gun and Russian plans Armata vehicle versions that are robotic and unmanned

The Russian T-14 main battle tank is the most prominent member of the Armata family, the vehicle series incorporates a host of new fighting machines. A tank support fighting vehicle based on the Armata ground vehicle system is called the Terminator-3.

“Russia also plans to develop its tank support fighting vehicle dubbed the Terminator-3 on the basis of the country’s latest Armata tanks," Oleg Sienko, said.

"We will [produce them].We have a concept for developing vehicles on the basis of the Armata platform," Sienko said in an interview with RIA Novosti.

Oleg Siyenko said that if ordered, a robotic Armata would not take long to make.

“Even the Armatas we showcased on Red Square last year can be refitted to become remote-controlled, to become robots,” Oleg Siyenko said.

BMPT Terminator at the 2009 Russian Expo Arms

At the moment, Uralvagonzavod produces both Terminator and Terminator-2 tank support fighting vehicles based on the chassis of the T-72 tank.

The BMPT is unofficially named the "Terminator" by the manufacturers. It is heavily armed and armored to survive in urban combat. This AFV is armed with four 9M120 Ataka missile launchers, two 30 mm 2A42 autocannons, two AG-17D grenade launchers, and one coaxial 7.62 mm PKTM machine gun. The BMPT's powerful armaments allow it to engage virtually every enemy formation while operating in a common battle formation. Due to the multiple weapons systems found on the BMPT, this vehicle is able to fire at multiple targets simultaneously

Such vehicles can be used to destroy enemy tanks, infantry and other armored assets, according to company's website.

The tank is three times cheaper than the [US-made] Abrams, [German-made] Leopard and [French-made] Leclerc.

A potentially closer comparison for the Armata based Terminator-3 might be the Israeli Namer — which is based on a Merkava 4 tank chassis — but the Russian machines are not designed to carry troops.

The idea of the tank support vehicle is a vehicle with the protection of a main battle tank, but which had the ability to engage enemy armor, bunkers and infantry in hiding in elevated positions. Indeed, every version of the Terminator built to date has the armor protection equivalent to — or better — than a main battle tank.
Generally speaking, the Russians employ BMTP vehicles alongside with their main battle tanks in the same unit in combat. On the open battlefield, there would normally be a pair of tanks accompanied by a BMTP.

Feds Spending Tech Money on Floppy Disks and COBOL

The government is spending about three-fourths of its technology budget maintaining aging computer systems, including platforms more than 50 years old in vital areas from nuclear weapons to Social Security. One still uses floppy disks.

In a report to be released Wednesday, nonpartisan congressional investigators say the increasing cost of maintaining museum-ready equipment devours money better spent on modernization.

Despite a White House push to replace aging workhorse systems, the budget for modernization has fallen, and will be $7 billion less in 2017 than in 2010, said the Government Accountability Office.

GAO said it found problems across the government, not just in a few agencies. Among those highlighted in the report:

  • The Defense Department's Strategic Automated Command and Control System, which is used to send and receive emergency action messages to U.S. nuclear forces. The system is running on a 1970s IBM computing platform, and still uses 8-inch floppy disks to store data.
  • Treasury's individual and business master files, the authoritative data sources for taxpayer information. The systems are about 56 years old, and use an outdated computer language that is difficult to write and maintain. Treasury plans to replace the systems, but has no firm dates.
  • Social Security systems that are used to determine eligibility and estimate benefits, about 31 years old. Some use a programming language called COBOL, dating to the late 1950s and early 1960s. "Most of the employees who developed these systems are ready to retire and the agency will lose their collective knowledge," the report said. "Training new employees to maintain the older systems takes a lot of time."
  • Medicare's Appeals System, which is only 11 years old, but facing challenges keeping up with a growing number of appeals, as well as questions from congressional offices following up on constituent concerns. The report says the agency has general plans to keep updating the system, depending on the availability of funds.
  • The Transportation Department's Hazardous Materials Information System, used to track incidents and keep information relied on by regulators. The system is about 41 years old.
Defense Department's Strategic Automated Command and Control System still looks something like this

The Defense Department's Strategic Automated Command and Control System information technology operations budget seems to be well over ten million per year.

GAO estimates that the government spent at least $80 billion on information technology, or IT, in 2015. However, the total could be significantly higher. Not counted in the report are certain Pentagon systems, as well as those run by independent agencies, among them the CIA. Major systems are known as "IT investments" in government jargon.

May 26, 2016

Planetary Resources Raises $21.1 Million In Funding and Unveils Advanced Earth Observation System

Planetary Resources, Inc., the asteroid mining company, announced today that it has secured US$21.1 million in Series A funding. The capital will be used to deploy and operate Ceres, an advanced Earth observation business that features the first commercial infrared and hyperspectral sensor platform to better understand and manage humanity’s natural resources. The funding was led by Bryan Johnson and the OS FUND; and joined by Idea Bulb Ventures; Tencent; Vast Ventures; Grishin Robotics; Conversion Capital; The Seraph Group; Space Angels Network, a syndication of investors from; and Larry Page. Earth observation will be another aspect of Planetary Resources’ operations in addition to prospecting and mining asteroids.

Conceived from the company’s vision for the exploration and utilization of asteroid resources, Ceres will leverage Planetary Resources’ Arkyd spacecraft to deliver affordable, on-demand Earth intelligence of our natural resources on any spot on the planet. While typical satellite imagery provides only a picture, Ceres will provide actionable data with higher spectral resolutions – going beyond what the human eye can see – by measuring thermographic properties and detecting the composition of materials on Earth’s surface. The midwave-infrared sensor is the first ever commercial capability from space to offer thermographic mapping and night-imaging, and the hyperspectral sensor includes an unprecedented 40 color bands in the visible to near-infrared spectrum.

The imaging technology is integrated onto the Arkyd spacecraft and deployed as a constellation of 10 satellites in low-Earth orbit. The constellation will provide global monitoring capability to benefit multiple industries including agriculture, oil & gas, water quality, financial intelligence and forestry. Ceres can analyze the spectral signatures of crops and provide customized information to growers, identify energy and mineral resources, and monitor pipelines and remote infrastructure. The system can also track toxic algae blooms, monitor global water quality and enable the detection of wildfires in their earliest stages.

Ceres Constellation

The most capable, low-cost small satellites ever deployed into Earth orbit.

More Capabilities, Less Cost Using only 10 micro-satellites, the Ceres constellation provides weekly data for any location on Earth at a lower cost than legacy multispectral data.

Planetary Resources is deploying a constellation of Arkyd 100 spacecraft in low-Earth orbit to deliver valuable information-rich data to markets today. With just 10 satellites, the Ceres constellation provides weekly hyperspectral and mid-wave infrared data for any spot on Earth at a lower cost than existing multispectral data. Furthermore, leveraging its revolutionary on-board processing power, the Ceres constellation can also be programmed on-board to search for and identify specific materials or temperature signatures – a capability that does not exist from satellites or drones today. Our system is also highly-intelligent and customizable. Ceres can send complete hyperspectral data cubes if required or can return specifically requested wavelengths, temperatures, or even simplified algorithmic “answers” about a target.

In bringing new capabilities to the market Ceres features:

  • Twice-daily revisit rates, daytime and nighttime
  • Weekly monitoring service level agreements
  • 10m Hyperspectral and 15m Midwave Infrared resolution
  • Global coverage
  • Sensor re-configurability on-orbit

General Atomics will fund development of a 10 MJ medium-range railgun

GA has committed more than USD50 million of internal funding to develop its next railgun weapon system GA hopes that its successful development will increase US Navy and US Army interest General Atomics (GA) told IHS Jane's that it will have committed significant company funds to develop its 10 megajoule (MJ) Multimission Medium Range Railgun Weapon System (MMRRWS) from 2007 to the end of testing in 2017.

Speaking to IHS Jane's at the Navy League's 2016 Sea-Air-Space symposium in mid-May, company officials said that GA had committed funds in excess of USD50 million, but declined to be exact.

Intended to complement or replace current US Navy (USN) 5-inch guns, if successful, the General Atomics MMRRWS would be able to intercept missiles and aircraft as well as conduct kinetic strikes against maritime or land targets. However in contrast to multimillion dollar missiles, a GA official noted a railgun hypersonic guided projectile could cost between USD25,000-50,000.

Foxconn replaces 60,000 factory workers with robots

Apple and Samsung supplier Foxconn has reportedly replaced 60,000 factory workers with robots.

One factory has "reduced employee strength from 110,000 to 50,000 thanks to the introduction of robots", a government official told the South China Morning Post.

Xu Yulian, head of publicity for the Kunshan region, added: "More companies are likely to follow suit."

China is investing heavily in a robot workforce.

Foxconn, spent a total of 4 billion yuan (HK$4.74 billion) on artificial intelligence last year.

The manufacturing hub for the electronics industry, Kunshan, in Jiangsu province, is seeking a drastic reduction in labour costs as it undergoes a makeover after an industrial explosion killed 146 people in 2014.

The county, one-seventh the size of neighbouring Shanghai and the mainland’s first county to achieve US$4,000 per capita income, was adjudged the best county for its economic performance by Forbes for seven years in a row.

Foxconn Technology Group confirmed that it was automating "many of the manufacturing tasks associated with our operations" but denied that it meant long-term job losses.

"We are applying robotics engineering and other innovative manufacturing technologies to replace repetitive tasks previously done by employees, and through training, also enable our employees to focus on higher value-added elements in the manufacturing process, such as research and development, process control and quality control.

Economists have issued dire warnings about how automation will affect the job market, with one report, from consultants Deloitte in partnership with Oxford University, suggesting that 35% of jobs were at risk over the next 20 years.

Former McDonald's chief executive Ed Rensi recently told the US's Fox Business programme a minimum-wage increase to $15 an hour would make companies consider robot workers.

"It's cheaper to buy a $35,000 robotic arm than it is to hire an employee who is inefficient, making $15 an hour bagging French fries," he said

Start Shipyards with drawingless plans could lower costs by 15% for third aircraft carrier

Newport News Shipbuilding is in the midst of several pilot programs aimed at creating a Smart Shipyard that could accommodate “drawingless” plans for the Enterprise CVN-80 aircraft carrier, company officials told USNI News.

Huntington Ingalls Industries President and CEO Mike Petters told USNI News in February that he hoped CVN-80 would have no paper, two-dimensional drawings but instead would be all digital and all 3D. HII’s Newport News yard has taken the lead on this initiative and estimates that creating an integrated digital shipbuilding environment could generate more than 15-percent cost savings on the third Ford-class aircraft carrier, NNS president Matt Mulherin said May 17 at the Navy League’s Sea-Air-Space Exposition 2016.
  • Workers would have detailed daily work plan downloaded each day
  • Daily materials would be routed to each deckplate
  • Augmented reality would guide the work
The benefits of a digital shipyard in terms of training – having 3D models of the ship would make it more intuitive to build and operate the ship, saving training dollars for the shipyard and the Navy. Mulherin also focused on the impact to the builder

Google could replace some passwords with a 'trust score" by the end of the year

Conventional passwords might soon be a thing of the past, or at least on devices running Android. Google announced at I / O last week that it's pushing ahead with plans to replace passwords with "trust scores" that incorporate various data points about users to determine whether or not they're legitimate. Its Trust API is the result of its year's-worth of password work, and it's rolling out to "several very large" financial institutions in the coming weeks.

"Assuming it goes well, this should become available to every Android developer around the world by the end of the year," Dan Kaufman, head of ATAP at Google, said at I / O.

The trust score is based off various user-specific data points, including current location, facial recognition, and typing patterns. Certain apps could require different scores. A banking app might want a higher trust score than Instagram requires, for instance. The Trust API always runs in the background of users' devices, monitoring its sensors and information to so that it can provide apps with the current trust score — basically its confidence level that you are who you say you are.

100 years ago the world absolute poverty rate was as bad as the poorest country today

Here is data tracking the world absolute poverty rate from 1820 to 2015. The data shows vast improvement in the reduction of absolute poverty( living on less than US$1 per day in 1996).

People are considered to live in extreme poverty at a consumption (or income) level below 1.90 international-$ per day. International $ are adjusted for price differences between countries and for price changes over time (inflation).

The highest absolute poverty rate in the world today is Madagascar at 81.8% living on less than $1.90 per day (US$1 per day in 1996) This is about the overall world level of absolute poverty 100 years ago.

Why Education Does Not Fix Poverty

Brookings and the American Enterprise Institute claim to have hatched a bipartisan consensus plan for reducing poverty. David Brooks will unveil the plan at an event on December 3rd.

The consensus poverty reduction plan will focus on three things:

  1. education
  2. marriage
  3. work.
The Education Poverty Argument

The higher the education, the lower the poverty rate.

Since 1991, the US population has done precisely what the education-focused poverty reduction people said to do. Between 1991 and 2014, we steadily reduced the share of adults in the "less than high school" and "high school" categories.

By 2014, the share of adults in the "less than high school" bin declined 9 points from 20.6% to 11.6%. The share of adults in the "high school" bin declined 6.5 points from 36% to 29.5%

Adults these days are as educated as they have ever been, but poverty is no lower than it was in 1991. This is not because the few lingering people with "less than high school" have soaked up all the poverty. Quite the contrary: poverty has simply moved up the educational scale. The poor in 2014 were the most educated poor in history.

- College education does (at least in part) is signal to employers that you have a certain level of relative "quality" over others in society. The degree was always a signal, not a productivity enhancer.

- When more credentials are chasing the same number of decent jobs, what you get is credential inflation: jobs that used to require a high school degree now require a college degree

- poverty is really about non-working people: children, elderly, disabled, students, carers, and the unemployed. The big things that cause poverty for adults over the age of 25 in a low-welfare capitalist society—old-age, disability, unemployment, having children—do not go away just because you have a better degree.

Nextbigfuture comment -
Education and productive skills can increase the productivity of society. Degree mills do not improve anything.
A culture that values education and work ethic can increase the wealth of a society.

SOURCE - Demos (public policy)

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