In 2004, the total world production of fisheries was 140 million tonnes of which aquaculture contributed 45 million tonnes, about one third. The growth rate of worldwide aquaculture has been sustained and rapid, averaging about 8 percent per annum for over thirty years, while the take from wild fisheries has been essentially flat for the last decade. The aquaculture market reached $86 billion in 2009.
China aquatic production for 2011 is forecast at 53.5 million metric tonnes, up two percent from an estimated 52.5 million metric tonnes in 2010. China's 2005 reported aquaculture harvest was 32.4 million tonnes. So China is up 20 million tons of harvested fish and shrimp and farmed aquatic products.
Genetically modified fish that mature faster and are more efficient at converting feed into protein are coming to boost the production of aquaculture.
This will help aquaculture meet the demand growth in meat.
Aquaculture is projected to grow to over 90 million tons in 2020
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