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October 20, 2009

Long carbon fibers could improve blast resistance of concrete structures


long, coated carbon fibers, like those pictured in his left hand, could significantly improving a structure's ability to withstand blasts, hurricanes and other natural disasters. In his right hand are short, uncoated fibers, which resemble clumps of human hair

Missouri Univerist of Science and Technology have received $567,000 to explore how adding carbon fibers could improve the blast and impact resistance of conventional reinforced concrete.

Today short carbon fibers - measuring no more than 1.5 inches - are found in buildings, bridges and slabs to limit the size of cracks. But in the future, Volz says the carbon fibers could be up to 6 inches in length, significantly improving a structure's ability to withstand blasts, hurricanes and other natural disasters.

"The long fibers will absorb more energy as they pull-out during the pressure wave or impact, cutting down on the potential for failure during an explosion or earthquake," Volz explains. "The fibers will also significantly diminish secondary fragmentation, reducing one of the leading causes of damage to surrounding personnel and materials. First responders will be able to get to the scene faster because they won't have to clear chunks of concrete out of their way."



Previous efforts by other researchers to incorporate longer carbon fibers have failed for two reasons. First, longer carbon fibers are more likely to ball up as the concrete is mixed. Second, it's difficult to disperse the carbon fibers throughout the concrete.

Coating the fibers can reduce the fibers tendency to form into a ball. The team plans to study a variety of formulas to find a coating that balances between flexibility and rigidity.

In addition, the team plans to study how a negative electric charge, applied to a polymer coating, could force the fibers to disperse more uniformly during mixing.


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