There are good articles at accelerating future.
1. Michael describes the confusion around the term the Singularity
2. He describes 10 top transhumanist technologies
I would expand out item number 8 Gene therapy/RNA interference
with synthetic biology and synthetic life and DNA nanotechnology.
I also think quantum computers will be quite important
Designer materials, new states of matter, control of spectrum will be key fundamental technologies that help enable some of the end applications and results on the list.
Energy technologies are also very important. Nuclear fission and fusion and advanced solar.